18+1 Must-See Polish Cities | Take a Look at the Pierogiland!

Poland, the largest country in Eastern Europe, is the center of attraction for both tourists and students with its history, culture, beauty of its cities and cheap education opportunities. There are also many historical museums that you should visit in this country, which is the most suffering from the Second World War. There are countless places you should see on a route from the Baltic Sea coast to the capital Warsaw, from there to southern cities such as Krakow and Wroclaw. Also, the local flavors of this country, which is famous for pierogi and vodka, which I mentioned in the title, are worth trying. Another useful tip for fun: Don’t forget to learn some Polish words and pronounce them! 🙂

 

18. Katowice

The city, located in southeastern Poland, is the capital of Silesian Voivodeship. With its churches, cathedrals, monuments and university, Katowice is a beautiful city where you can feel the history of Poland.

17. Szeczecin

Szczecin, the largest port of Poland, is the country’s seventh-largest city and the capital of Western Pomerania. The fact that it is very close to Germany, the Baltic Sea, and the location of the Oder River’s headwater has made the city a very important center. The city played an important role in the anti-communist uprisings of 1970 and the rise of the Solidarity union in the 1980s. In addition to the park and forests, Szczecin is a city where nature and history intertwine.

16. Malbork

Malbork is a city in the north of Poland. Malbork Castle, known by the name of the city, is the most important structure of the city. This structure was founded by the Teutonic Knights in the 13th century. Malbork is a cute Polish city with beautiful parks, city center and train station.

15. Torun

Toruń is on the Vistula River in the northern part of Poland. The city, founded in the 13th century by the Germanic Knights, is famous for its astronomer Copernicus. Torun is one of several Polish cities that did not suffer much damage during World War II. The city, which preserves the Old City texture, has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Torun is also famous for its gingerbread.

14. Bygdoszcz

Bydgoszcz is a city in the northern part of Poland. The city where Brda and Vistula rivers flow is near the junction of the two rivers. Torun is also close to the city. The historic buildings in the Old Town Square and near the Brda River are worth to see.

13. Jelenia Góra

The establishment of Jelenia Góra in Lower Silesia was established in very ancient periods. Cultural (concerts, artistic shows, exhibitions, fairs etc.) and sporting activities (cycling, sport clubs, kayaks, hiking etc.) have a place in this historical city.

12. Lublin

Lublin is the ninth largest city in Poland, in the most eastern part of Poland. This beautiful city, the royal city of the Polish Kingdom, was nominated as a candidate for European Capital of Culture in 2007. However, Wroclaw was selected in the end. On the other hand, there are many museums, churches, pubs and restaurants; many festivals, international events and sports activities are held in this city, which tourists call small Krakow.

11. Białystok

This city, located in the eastern part of Poland, near the border with Belarus, is the tenth largest city in Poland. It is recommended to visit this beautiful eastern city with its Orthodox churches, synagogues and museums.

10. Łódź

Lodz is a city in the middle of Poland, where many people from different cultures, religions and nations live in peace. Lodz, the third largest city in Poland, is located in the middle of many important European routes. It is both an important transit point and an important trading center. Lodz is a city with picturesque streets where you can feel art and history.

9. Zakopane

Zakopane, situated in the south of Poland and on the border with Slovakia, is one of the most important places for skiing and hiking activities. Especially preferred for winter holiday. On the other hand, you can travel to the old days by seeing the breathtaking wooden houses in Zakopane, which has become one of the cultural and artistic centers of Poland.

8. Wieliczka

The town of Wieliczka, near the city of Krakow, is famous for its historic salt mine. The UNESCO World Heritage Site is a hundreds of years old and has an incredible structure. Inside there are many statues, a cathedral and an underground lake.

7. Oświęcim

Oświęcim is a town in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship of southern Poland, situated 50 kilometres west of Kraków, near the confluence of the Vistula (Wisła) and Soła rivers. The town is commonly known for being the site of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp during World War II when Poland was under the occupation of Nazi Germany.

6. Poznań

Poznan, formerly the capital of Poland, is today the capital of the Wielkopolska Voivodeship (Greater Poland Voivodeship). Poznan has been an important city for centuries since it is located somewhere between Berlin and Warsaw. The city (especially the Old Town), which suffered a great deal of damage in World War II, was beautifully restored. The Old Town (Stary Rynek) is one of the most beautiful squares in Europe and has many famous historical attractions, restaurants and a vibrant nightlife. The Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul is the oldest cathedral in Poland.

5. Sopot

This city, which was previously under the administration of Gdansk, formed the metropolitan administration of Tri-City (Trójmiasto) with Gydnia and Gdansk after 1999. The city, which is the spa center of the Baltic Sea, has been frequented by rich and noble families for centuries. It is also known in the city for the longest wooden pier in Europe, the Forest Opera and a lively street, Monte Cassino.

4. Gdańsk

Gdansk, one of the most beautiful cities of Poland on the Baltic Sea coast, has always been an important place throughout history since it is a port city. Even World War II began with the bombing of Westerplatte in Gdansk by the German navy. In addition, in the 1980s, Walesa and Solidarity movement became the most important city of the empowerment. The city is waiting for tourists with all its splendor and beautiful architecture.

3. Kraków (Cracow)

Kraków, the capital of Lesser Poland Voivodeship, has traditionally been the country’s center of science, culture and art. Krakow is also referred to as the heart of Poland because it is the ancient capital of the kings of Poland and witnessed many historical events. It welcomes seven million tourists annually through domestic and international tourism.Sukiennice (Fabric Market), one of the oldest shopping centers in the world, is located in this city. In 2000, it became the European Capital of Culture and in 2013, the City of Letters was adopted by UNESCO. Both the historic City Center and the Jewish Quarter are full of cafes, shops and pubs. In addition, Jagiellonian University is one of the oldest universities in the world.

2. Warszawa (Warsaw)

Warsaw, the capital and largest city of Poland, ranks ninth among the member states of the European Union.The famous Vistula River passes through Warsaw where many palaces and parks. In addition, transportation to the city is also very easy by public transports (such as bus, metro, tram and trolleybus). You can enjoy the city in front of the Monumental Palace of Culture and Science. Visit the Old Town, the Royal Palace, the paved streets and the baroque style palaces. The Uprising Monument and the Krasinski Garden are some of sights in the Old Town. You can walk on the Royal Route to see the best face of Warsaw.

1. Wrocław

Wroclaw is the fourth largest city in Poland and the capital of Lower Silesia Voivodeship. The Oder River also passes through the city. First of all, this city, built on several islands, still has many bridges and has a very pleasant architecture. Not far from the German border, Wroclaw (Breslau in German) is also home to many universities and international students. There are numerous places to visit in the city such as Ostrów Tumski, Rynek, Centennial Hall, Ratusz, St Elisabeth’s Church, Wrocław Palace, Hala Targowa and the Cathedral of St John the Baptist. Also, Wroclaw earned the European Best Destination title in 2018.

 

Bonus

Białowieża Forest

The Białowieża Forest is one of the last and greatest examples of endless primeval forests that once spread throughout the European Plain. The forest is home to approximately 800 European bison, the most weighty land animal in Europe. The forest is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an EU Natura 2000 Special Conservation Area. In the forest between Belarus and Poland there are many sporting activities.

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