First of all, we can summarize the most historically important structures that humanity has left in the world, not in a list but maybe in dozens of lists. However, I will present the list I prepared with 10 of them, which I have compiled from the old world and the new world.
The fact that Teotihuacan (Mexico), considered to be the most famous city in the pre-Colomb period, was founded by whom is still unclear at the present time. However, it is accepted by the archaeologists that Teotihuacan was founded by a more advanced culture than the Aztecs. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987.
These structures, which were built in ancient Egypt as pyramids, were built for the pharaohs and their wives. Although there are more than a hundred pyramids identified today, the most known of them is located in Giza. The Great (Keops) Pyramid is the largest pyramid and is the only remained structure among the Seven Wonders of the World.
The Alhambra Palace, built in Andalusia during the Caliphate of Córdoba, is located in Granada, Andalusia (Spain). The palace, built in 1333, is in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The ancient city of Ephesus, which dates back to the neolitic age, is located in the district of Selçuk in İzmir, Turkey. Ephesus, one of the twelve cities of Ionia, was an important place in the Roman period. In 2015, it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Great Wall of China was built by the Chinese kings to cut off the attacks of nomadic tribes from the north. The Great Wall of China, which lies along the northwest of China, is one of the most important works of mankind and is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The ancient theater, temple and house in Petra, between Jordan’s Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba, were carved into limestone. The city’s amphitheater is the most known structure of the region. Petra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Acropolis of Athens is located on a high rock over the city of Athens, Greece and is an ancient citadel home to the remains of many ancient structures which have great architectural and historical significance. The Acropolis is in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Bayon is a Khmer temple in the center of Angkor Thom. It is known that this unique temple in Cambodia was built by Jayavarman VII at the end of the 12th century. Over the years, the temple has undergone several changes in the influence of Buddhist and Hindu religions.
St. Peter’s Basilica, located in Rome, is one of the largest basilicas in Italy. It has become one of the most important symbols of the Vatican and is the largest church of Christianity. The basilica is in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Taj Mahal is a monumental tomb built in 1631-1654 in Agra, India. The structure takes its name from Mumtaz Mahal, the wife of the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan. Since 1983, it has been included in UNESCO’s World Heritage List.